How HIV is spread :
HIV is spread by sexual content with an infected person, by needle-sharing among injecting drug users, or, very rarely through transfusions of infected blood products, organ transplantation, or artificial insemination. Babies to HIV-infected women may become infected before or during birth, or through breast-feeding after birth.
However, HIV is most commonly spread through risky behaviors.
Risky Behaviors :
The two most risky behaviors are unprotected sex or sharing a needle or syringe. HIV can enter the body through any type of sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal and
oral sex. Unprotected sex is sexual intercourse without proper use of a latex condom. HIV may be found in semen, vaginal fluids, blood and breast milk of infected individuals.
Any contact with these body fluids puts you at risk.
Injecting drugs with a needle or syringe used by another person is risky because it can contain their blood. If that person is HIV-infected, you would be injecting HIV
directly into your body. You do not get HIV from touching or hugging infected people or from sharing toilets or clothes with infected people. Because of widespread screening,
transplantation is extremely low.
The HIV-1 Antibody test :
The human body makes antibodies to fight all kinds of infections. Your body creates HIV-1 antibodies if you become infected with the HIV-1 virus. Our program tests your blood specimen for antibodies to HIV-1.
Some people take longer than others to make antibodies to HIV-1. In most infected people,
these antibodies will show up in the blood within three months. In some people, it can take up to six months or longer. This is important to know because the HIV-1 antibody tests cannot detect some recent infections. For example, if you became infected January, you might
not test positive until June. It is during this period of time when people can test negative for HIV-1 antibodies but still infect others.
Availability of results :
Your test results will be available for up to 30 days after you first receive them. In addition, up to three personal counseling sessions will be available for those found to be negative, indeterminate, or not tested. For those testing positive, our program offers up to six personal sessions in one year, referrals to health care professionals, and support for partner notification.